Which countries use PAL system?

By cavsi Category: PAL Tags:

The following countries use the P A L system for television broadcasting.

PAL B, G, D, K or I

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania DVB-T introduction started in 2005
  • Australia DVB-T introduction started in 2001 (PAL to be abandoned for DVB-T by 2012)
  • Austria DVB-T introduction started in 2006
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belgium
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Brunei
  • Bulgaria (migrated from SECAM 1994 – 1996) (set to migrate to DVB-T in 2012, although such broadcasts are currently only available in Sofia)
  • China, Mainland (PAL-D, digital broadcast using DMB-T/H)
  • o Hong Kong (PAL-I, DMB-T/H introduced since Dec 31, 2007, PAL-I broadcast planned to be abandoned in 2012)
  • o Macau (PAL-I)
  • Croatia (PAL to be abandoned for DVB-T by 01.01.2011)
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic (migrated from SECAM 1992 – 1994) (DVB-T introduction started in 2006, PAL to be abandoned for DVB-T by 2012)
  • Denmark (including Faroe Islands and Greenland) (PAL broadcast to be abandoned by 31 October 2009; DVB-T since 31 March 2006)
  • East Timor (Timor-Leste)
  • Estonia (migrated from SECAM 1995 – 1999; PAL to be abandoned for DVB-T at latest in 2012)
  • Germany (PAL broadcast to be abandoned; DVB-T introduction started in 2003)
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece (migrated from SECAM in ca. 1992)
  • Hungary (migrated from SECAM 1995 – 1996; PAL broadcast to be abandoned by 31 December 2011; is converting to DVB-T)
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia (PAL broadcast to be abandoned by 2016; is converting to DVB-T since 2007)
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Ireland (VHF and UHF)
  • Israel
  • Italy (PAL broadcast to be abandoned by 2012; is converting to DVB-T)
  • Jordan
  • Kuwait
  • Latvia (migrated from SECAM 1997 – 1999)
  • Lebanon
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania (migrated from SECAM 1997 – 1999)
  • Republic of Macedonia
  • Malaysia (Preliminary DVB-T Trials ended, further trials planned. Set top box and Digital TV not yet available on sale, but USB DVB-T receivers for viewing on a computer are widely available now. Plans to abandon PAL broadcast by 2015)
  • Maldives
  • Malta
  • Montenegro
  • Myanmar
  • Nepal
  • New Zealand
  • Norway PAL broadcast to be abandoned by 2008–2009, simulcast in DVB-T
  • Poland (migrated from SECAM 1993 – 1995; PAL broadcast to be abandoned by 2015; is converting to DVB-T)
  • Portugal, including Madeira and Azores
  • Romania (PAL broadcast to be abandoned by 2010-2011; is converting to DVB-T since early 2007)
  • Serbia
  • Slovenia (PAL broadcast to be abandoned by 2012; is converting to DVB-T)
  • Slovakia (migrated from SECAM 1993 – 1996 PAL to be abandoned by 2012, is converting to DVB-T)
  • Spain (including Canary Islands) PAL broadcast to be fully abandoned by 2010, simulcast in DVB-T
  • Turkey
  • Ukraine
  • United Kingdom (UHF only), PAL broadcast to be abandoned by 2012, simulcast in DVB-T
  • Vatican City
  • North Korea
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palestine (Gaza & West Bank)
  • Qatar
  • Saudi Arabia (which also uses SECAM)
  • Singapore
  • Sri Lanka
  • Syria
  • Thailand
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Vietnam
  • Yemen
  • Botswana
  • Cameroon
  • Cape Verde
  • Egypt
  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
  • Gambia
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Kenya
  • Liberia
  • Malawi
  • Mozambique
  • Morocco
  • Nigeria
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Somalia
  • Sudan
  • Swaziland
  • Tanzania
  • Tunisia
  • Uganda
  • Zambia
  • Zanzibar
  • Zimbabwe
  • Angola
  • Ascension Island, PAL broadcast to be abandoned by 2012, simulcast in DVB-T
  • Lesotho
  • Namibia
  • South Africa PAL broadcast to be abandoned by 2011; is converting to DVB-T
  • Tristan da Cunha
  • Christmas Island
  • Cook Islands
  • Easter Island
  • Fiji
  • Norfolk Island
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Samoa, Samoa is converting to NTSC and probably ATSC
  • Solomon Islands
  • Tonga, Tonga is converting to NTSC and probably ATSC
  • Vanuatu
  • Falkland Islands (UHF only)

PAL-M

  • Brazil (simulcast in ISDB-T, compressed using H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, started in December 2007 until 2016)
  • Laos (also uses SECAM)

PAL-N and PAL-NC

  • Argentina
  • Paraguay
  • Uruguay (will use DVB but no date decided yet)
  • Andorra (switched to DVB-T completed September 25, 2007)
  • Finland (switched to DVB-T completed September 1, 2007)
  • Luxembourg (switched to DVB-T completed September 1, 2006)
  • Netherlands (switched to DVB-T completed December 11, 2006)
  • Sweden (switch to DVB-T completed October 15, 2007)
  • Switzerland (switch to DVB-T completed November 26, 2007)
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