4,265 views | SECAM | Print
MESECAM stands for Middle Eastern Secam. MESECAM is not a broadcast standard. It is a VCR “standard” by which the color under process in VCR's is done by subcarrier shift instead of by frequency division. This means that an original Secam recording (frequency division) does not play back in a MESECAM player.
MESECAM uses an AM subcarrier and SECAM uses FM subcarrier. When MESECAM records a color signal onto VHS or Betamax video tape, the luminance signal is recorded in its original form (albeit with some reduction of bandwidth) but the chrominance signal of about 4.4 MHz is too sensitive to small changes in frequency caused by inevitable small variations in tape speed to be recorded directly. Instead, it is first down converted to the lower frequency of 630 kHz, and the complex nature of the PAL sub carrier means that the down conversion must be done via a superhet mixer to ensure that information is not lost....
7,714 views | NTSC, PAL, SECAM | Print
There are 3 main analog video standards in use around the world.
PAL (Phase Alternating Line)
NTSC (National Television System Committee)
SECAM (SÃ©quentiel Couleur Ã MÃ©moireâ€”Sequential Color with Memory)...
834 views | SECAM | Print
Like PAL, SECAM also has 625 scan lines and is based on 50 Hz. SECAM uses two color difference signals and modulates them onto alternate lines, and through a built in delay both are available at the same time. This eliminates phasing, and with FM transmission, and color recovery so good, saturation was unnecessary.
While NTSC and PAL transmit the luminance and chrominance signals simultaneously, SECAM transmits luminance continuously and generates only one of the two chrominance signals on any given line. The frame rate is 25 frames per second (It has a field rate of fifty fields per second) to provide compatibility with the European electrical supply frequency, and the number of scanning lines is 625 as in PAL. SECAM has a horizontal rate of 15.625 KHz. SECAM suffers from the visibility of the sub-carrier signals particularly in the mid-gray and white signals. This visibility detracts from its black and white compatibility....
1,311 views | SECAM | Print
The following countries use the SECAM system for television broadcasting.
1,146 views | SECAM | Print
There are five varieties of SECAM:
1. French SECAM (SECAM-L)
French SECAM (SECAM-L) is used only in France, Luxembourg (only RTL9 on CH 21 from Dudelange) and Tele Monte-Carlo Transmitters in the south of France....
1,444 views | SECAM | Print
SECAM, also written SECAM (Sequentiel couleur a memoire, French for “Sequential Color with Memory”), is an analog color television system first used in France. A team led by Henri de France working at Compagnie FranÃ§aise de TÃ©lÃ©vision (later bought by Thomson) invented SECAM. SECAM uses the same resolution as PAL (625 lines) but transmits the color information sequentially: R-Y on one line and B-Y on the next.
SECAM is used sparingly around the world and can be found in France, parts of Greece, Eastern Europe, Russia, and Africa. It is, historically, the first European color television standard....